Public procurement is essential to development. Fair and equitable development may also lead to better, improved public services. For this reason, substantial budget is typically allocated for public procurement.
Problems arise, however, when the substantial budget lacks government oversight. According to the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) data, the KPK prosecuted a total of 1,144 cases from 2004 to 31 March 2021. Of that, 21 percent are public procurement cases.